Biosphere Reserves of India: Names and Location

Biosphere Reserves are large areas of bio diversity where flora and fauna are protected. These regions of environmental protection roughly correspond to IUCN Category V Protected areas. The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India, which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary).

Biosphere Reserves of India often include one or more National Parks or sanctuaries, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

List of Biosphere Reserves of India

NB: Those Biosphere reserves in bold are part of World Network of Biosphere Reserves too.

S. No

Year

Name

State

Type

Key Fauna

1

2008

Great Rann of Kutch

Gujarat

Desert

Indian Wild Ass

2

1989

Gulf of Mannar

Tamil Nadu

Coasts

Dugong or Sea Cow

3

1989

Sundarbans

West Bengal

Gangetic Delta

Royal Bengal Tiger

4

2009

Cold Desert

Himachal Pradesh

Western Himalayas

Snow Leopard

5

1988

Nanda Devi

Uttarakhand

Western Himalayas

NA

6

1986

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

Western Ghats

Nilgiri Tahr, Lion-tailed macaque

7

1998

Dihang-Dibang

Arunachal Pradesh

Eastern Himalaya

NA

8

1999

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve

Madhya Pradesh

Semi-Arid

Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel

9

2010

Seshachalam Hills

Andhra Pradesh

Eastern Ghats

NA

10

1994

Simlipal

Odisha

Deccan Peninsula

Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild elephant

11

2005

Achanakamar -Amarkantak

Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh

Maikala Hills

NA

12

1989

Manas

Assam

East Himalayas

Golden Langur, Red Panda

13

2000

Khangchendzonga

Sikkim

East Himalayas

Snow Leopard, Red Panda

14

2001

Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

Kerala, Tamil Nadu

Western ghats

Nilgiri Tahr, Elephants

15

1989

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Islands

Saltwater Crocodile

16

1988

Nokrek

Meghalaya

East Himalayas

Red Panda

17

1997

Dibru-Saikhowa

Assam

East Himalayas

Golden Langur

18

2011

Panna

Madhya Pradesh

Ken River

Tiger, Chital, Chinkara, Sambharand Sloth bear

Biosphere Reserves of India in World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Nine of the eighteen biosphere reserves of India are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list. They are given in ‘bold’ in the above list. Out of these, two are in Madhya Pradesh; the Pachmarhi Biosphere
Reserve(1999) and the
Achanakamar –Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve(2005).

Main differences between Biosphere Reserves, National Park and Wild Life  Sactuaries   



Biosphere Reserves : Schematic Representation

Biosphere Reserves are the biggest entity among the three. The level of restriction in the increasing order is Biosphere Reserves, Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks. The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India, roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas. India has over 441 animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV Protected Area). The National parks of India are IUCN category II protected areas. As of April 2012, there were 102 national parks in India and more parks on the process of getting commissioned.

 


Source: MoEFCC