Madhya Pradesh, with its large area, enjoys diverse climatic and soil conditions suitable for a broad range of agricultural products. Agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh forms the backbone of its economy. It contributes almost one-fourth of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) and is the main source of employment for over 70 percent of the population and constitutes about 60- 75 percent of the rural income.

The state is also a major producer of linseed, mustard, sunflower, safflower and niger. Agro-climatic diversity and topographical variations enable the state to grow a wide range of cereals, pulses, oilseeds and cash crops, besides being home to myriad varieties of plant species, both in forest areas and outside. Various tropical fruits and vegetables and spices like coriander, chili and garlic are also widely grown. The farmers of the state are highly adaptive towards undertaking the cultivation of new crops, which hold promise of economic returns. The success story of soybean in the state is a case in point. Madhya Pradesh leads in the production of gram, linseed, green pea, garlic and coriander. Areas under cultivation of safflower and sunflower are also expanding.