MINERAL WEALTH OF MADHYA PRADESH

The State of Madhya Pradesh  is richly endowed with mineral wealth. It is the sole producer of diamond in the country.  Coal, limestone, manganese ore, bauxite, copper ore, dolomite, fire clay, slate pyrophyllite-diaspore are the main minerals occurring in the State. Besides these minerals, the state is fast emerging as a dimensional stone  producer. The State is blessed with favourable geological and geotectonic settings. Rocks ranging from Precambrian to recent era to accommodate every episode of mine ralisation are present. 

 In terms of the mineral production the state ranks third next only to Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh.

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF MINERAL WEALTH IN MP

.  The only working mines of diamond in India are in Panna district of Madhya Pradesh.

·   Thickest coal seam of Asia lies in the Singrouli Coal Field, dist. Sidhi and other coal blocks near Chhindwara of the state.

·   Country's largest Open Cast Copper Mine is at Malajkhand in Balaghat district of the state.

 ·   Occurrences of Paradiso granite is in a large tract of M.P.

 ·   Highest cement producing state in India with 8 major and 3 mini cement plants, producing     15 percent cement of the country.

 ·   Largest producer of copper, limestone, slate, diaspore and pyrophyllite.

·   Leading producer of manganese , dolomite, rock phosphate and fire clay.

 

LIMESTONE

Madhya Pradesh is having vast reserves of limestone. The total reserves of limestone is 3625.98 million tonnes spread over in districts of Damoh, Hoshangabad, Mandsaur, Narsinghpur, Rewa, Satna, Panna, Katni, Sagar, Dhar, Khargone, Jhabua, Balaghat, Sidhi and Morena. Seven major Cement plants are operating in the State with the annual installed capacity of 15.97 million tonnes.

 

MANGANESE ORE

State is enriched with good deposit of manganese ore mainly spread over in the Balaghat, Chhindwara and Jhabua districts. The total reserves of 23.64 million tonnes of manganese ore is available in the State constituting 14.09% of total national reserve. The "Bharveli manganese mine" in Balaghat district is largest underground mine operating in Asian sub-continent. The manganese ore deposits of the State are being exploited mainly by the Manganese Ore India Limited. During the year 2001-02, manganese ore has contributed Rs. 1.51 crores as royalty to the State Exchequer.


DIAMOND

State is proud of having only diamond mine in the country. A total reserve of 976.05 thousand carats has been estimated in the Panna district. The National Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. is operating the only mechanized diamond mine at Majhgawan in the Panna district since 1958 is now producing 81000 carats of diamond annaually. Besides this about 400 carats is also being produced from the "shallow diamond mines" in Panna and part of Satna distict.

 

Coal 

Coal reserves of 16027.07 million tonnes are spread over in the district of Sidhi, Shahdol, Umaria, Betul, Chhindwara , and Narsinghpur ; which is 7.71% of total Coal reserve of country. Subsidiary companies of Coal  India Limited namely, NCL (Northern Coal Field Limited) is working in the Sidhi district, WCL (Western Coal Field Limited) in the Chhindwara and Betul districts and SECL (South Eastern Coal Field limited) in the Shahdol and Umaria districts. The Gotitoriya coal block of Narsinghpur district has been leased out to M/S BLA Industries for captive power generation.  The country's thickest coal seam viz Jhingurda ; which is 135 m thick, occurs in the  Singrouli Coal Field of Northern Coal Field Limited.


BAUXITE

Reserves of 63.87 million tonnes of bauxite are spread over in Shahdol, Mandla, Balaghat, Rewa, Satna and Katni districts. Bauxite of Katni and Satna districts is of higher grade and being used in refractory units of the State.

 

COPPER-ORE

Malajkhand; the country's largest open cast copper ore mine, is situated in Balaghat district. The State has 190.84 million tonnes of Copper ore reserves in Balaghat district, which is 41.39% of total national reserve. The Hindustan Copper Ltd. is exploiting the copper ore from this mine.

 

DOLOMITE

The State is enriched with steel grade, refractory grade and low silica dolomite. 1152.66 million tonnes of dolomite deposits are spread over in the districts of Balaghat, Chhatarpur, Sagar, Mandla, Jabalpur, Katni, Sidhi, Narshinghpur, Seoni, Jhabua, Khandwa and Dewas.

 

FIRE CLAY

The fire clay deposits occurring mainly in Shahdol, Gwalior, Kanti, Jabalpur and Sidhi districts has led to establishment of number of refractory and some ceramic industrie

 

SLATE

State is the sole producer of slate in the country. White and red coloured slate found in the Mandsaur district used mainly in producing state pencil.

 

PYROPHYLLITE/DIASPORE

Rich deposits of pyrophyllite and diaspore occurs in the State. A total of 207.74 million tonnes of pyrophyllite and diaspore reserves are spread over mainly in the districts of Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh and Shivpuri; constituting 81.66% of country's reserves.

 

Reserve of Principal Minerals in Madhya Pradesh

S.No.

Mineral

Unit

India

Reserve of MP

Percentage country's reserve

1.

Diamond

Thousand
Carats

1334.35

1334.35

100%

2.

Pyrophyllite/
Diaspore

Million Tonnes

22.59

13.35

59.09%

3.

Copper Ore

Million Tonnes

712.52

294.70

41.36%

4.

Dolomite

Million Tonnes

7348.63

1867.53

25.41%

5.

Rock Phosphate

Million Tonnes

122.45

1.93

1.57%

6.

ManganeseOre

Million Tonnes

406.19

44.30

10.90%

7.

Coal

Million Tonnes

240748.00

18205.00

7.56%

8.

Limestone

Million Tonnes

169941.17

6267.01

4.79%

9.

Coal bed Methane*

Bcm

1434

144.00

10%



Mineral Production In Madhya Pradesh in the Year 


         S.No.

Name of Mineral

Unit of Production

 

Production

Status of M.P. in India (%)

Status  in Mineral Producing States of the Country 

1

Diamond

Carat

2179

100

First

2

Slate

Tonnes

3

100

First

3

Pyrophyllite

Tonnes

45451

77.12

First

4

Diaspore

Tonnes

10888

64.27

First

5

Copper Ore

Thousand Tonnes

2270

69.00

First

6

Coal

Thousand  Tonnes

59970

14.17

Fourth

7

Limestone

Thousand Tonnes

24170

13.42

Third

8

Iron Ore

Thousand Tonnes

1210

0.67

Sixth

9

Dolomite

Thousand Tonnes

158

3.31

Seventh

10

Laterite

Tonnes

75085

6.32

Third

11

Rock-phosphate

Thousand Tonnes

113

7.11

Second

12

Ochre

Tonnes

18915

2.37

Second

13

Calcite

Tonnes

130

0.12

Second

14

Manganese-Ore

Thousand Tonnes

489

22.82

Third

15

Fire clay

Tonnes

44580

10.03

Fifth

16

Steatite

Tonnes

149

0.02

Tenth

17

Bauxite

Thousand Tonnes

144

0.92

Seventh

18

Kaolin

Tonnes

14139

1.10

Seventh

19

Shale

Thousand Tonnes  

475

16.54

Fifth

20

Clay (Others)

Thousand Tonnes  

221


25.09

Second

21

Quartz

 Tonnes  

80

0.03

 Ninth





Mineral Based Industries in Madhya Pradesh 


S.

No.

Industry

No. of Units

Location

1

Cement

8

Rewa, Satna, Damoh, Katni, & Neemuch

2

Thermal Power

10

Shahdol , Umaria, Sidhi, Satna, Betul, Damoh, Katni, Rewa, Ujjain

3

Coal Washeries

2

Narsinghpur, Anuppur

4

Asbestos Cement Sheet

1

Katni

5

Ceramics

2

Ratlam, & Jabalpur

6

Hydrated Lime

25

Katni & Satna

7

Slate Pencil

155

Mandsour

8

Potteries

2

Ujjain

9

Refractories

3

Katni, Ratlam & Jabalpur

10

Roofing (Manglore)Tiles

8

Hoshangabad & Balaghat

11

Marble cutting& polishing

4

Katni

12

Granite cutting& polishing

5

Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh

13

Flagstone cutting& polishing

150

Shivpuri, Gwalior, Panna &Vidisha

 


































State

 

 

 

Minerals Found in Respective Districts

Brief Summary and Important Links

MADHYA PRADESH

 

 

Annupur

Bauxite

Madhya Pradesh is the sole producer of diamond from Panna. The value of principal minerals remained at Rs. 11225.04 crores and 1702.58 crores was contributed by the minor mineral sector.  It is also a leading producer of pyrophyllite, copper concentrate, manganese ore, clay, shale, diaspore.

Badwani

Calcite

Balaghat

Bauxite, Copper, Dolomite, Limestone, Manganese, Quartz/Silica sand, Molybdenum

Betul

China clay, Copper, Coal, fireclay, Iron ore (H), Granite, Graphite, Lead-Zinc

Chhatarpur

China Clay, Diamond, Diaspore & pyrophyllite, Dolomite, Granite, rock phosphate

Chhindwara

China Clay, Dolomite, fireclay, Limestone, Manganese, Granite

Damoh

Dolomite, Limestone

Datia

Granite

Dewas

Dolomite, Quartz/Silica sand, barytes

Dhar

Limestone, Ochre, Quartz/Silica sand, talc/steatite/soapstone, barytes

Guna

Bauxite

Gwalior

China Clay, Iron ore (H), Ochre

 

Harda

Dolomite

 

Hoshangabad

China Clay, Dolomite, Limestone

 

Jabalpur

Bauxite, China Clay, Copper, Dolomite, fireclay, Iron ore (H), Limestone, Manganese, Ochre, Quartz/Silica sand, talc/steatite/soapstone, felspar, Gold

 

Jhabua

Calcite, Dolomite, Limestone, Manganese, Vermiculite, Granite, rock phosphate

 

Katni

Bauxite, China Clay, Dolomite, fireclay, Iron ore (H), Limestone, Ochre, talc/steatite/soapstone

 

Khandwa

Quartz/Silica sand, talc/steatite/soapstone

 

Khargaon

Calcite, China Clay, Limestone, Quartz/Silica sand, talc/steatite/soapstone

 

Mandla

Bauxite, Dolomite, Ochre, felspar, fuller's earth

 

Mandsore

Limestone, Calcareour shales (slate pencil use)

 

Morena

Limestone, Quartz/Silica sand

 

Narsinghpur

China Clay, Dolomite, fireclay, Limestone, talc/steatite/soapstone

 

Panna

Diamond, fireclay, Granite, potash

 

Raisen

China Clay

 

Rewa